文章会有【原创】或者【转载】标示,部分来自Google Baidu的学习结果 {Java/PHP/Python/Ruby/Go}

在 Ubuntu 下用 Nginx 搭建 Django 网站  


1. 安装django, fastcgi, nginx

$ sudo apt-get install python-flup nginx subversion
$ cd projects
$ svn co http://code.djangoproject.com/svn/django/trunk/ django-trunk
$ sudo ln -s /home/foo/projects/django-trunk/django /usr/lib/python2.6/dist-packages/django



2.根据自己的需求修改nginx配置文件

$ sudo vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf


例如这样:

user www-data;
worker_processes  1;

error_log  /var/log/nginx/error.log;
pid        /var/run/nginx.pid;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;
    # multi_accept on;
}

http {
    include       /etc/nginx/mime.types;

    access_log    /var/log/nginx/access.log;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;
    tcp_nodelay        on;

    gzip  on;
    gzip_disable "MSIE [1-6]\.(?!.*SV1)";
    gzip_comp_level  6;
    gzip_types text/plain text/css application/json application/x-javascript text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript;

    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
    include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;
}



3. 配置站点文件

$ sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/foo.com


内容如:

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name demo.foo.com;
    location / { alias /home/foo/demo/; }
}

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name www.foo.com foo.com;

    if ($host != 'foo.com') {
        rewrite ^/(.*)$ http://foo.com/$1 permanent;
    }
    
    access_log /home/foo/projects/foocom/log/access.log;
    error_log /home/foo/projects/foocom/log/error.log;

    location / {
        fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:7718;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param REQUEST_METHOD $request_method;
        fastcgi_param QUERY_STRING $query_string;
        fastcgi_param CONTENT_TYPE $content_type;
        fastcgi_param CONTENT_LENGTH $content_length;
        fastcgi_pass_header Authorization;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors off;
        fastcgi_param  REMOTE_ADDR        $remote_addr;
        fastcgi_param  REMOTE_PORT        $remote_port;
        fastcgi_param  SERVER_ADDR        $server_addr;
        fastcgi_param  SERVER_PORT        $server_port;
        fastcgi_param  SERVER_NAME        $server_name;
    }

    location /robots.txt {
        alias /home/foo/projects/foocom/media/robots.txt;
    }

    location /twitcn_media/ {
        alias /home/foo/projects/foocom/media/twitcn/;
    }

    location /site_media/ {
        expires 7d;
        alias /home/foo/projects/foocom/media/;
    }

    location /media/ {
        alias /home/foo/projects/django-trunk/django/contrib/admin/media/;
    }
}


然后建立link:

$ sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/foo.com /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/foo.com



4. 启动djangosite, nginx

sudo /etc/init.d/nginx restart
python /home/foo/projects/foocom/manage.py runfcgi host=127.0.0.1 port=7718 pidfile=/home/foo/projects/foocom/foocom.pid maxspare=2